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NEUTRAL MORESNET (AMIKEJO)

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Hans Mof
178043.  Fri May 25, 2007 5:28 pm Reply with quote

When in 1815 during the Congress of Vienna European borders where delineated Prussia and the United Kingdom of the Netherlands couldn't agree on a 3.5 sqkm (1.4 sqmi) territory. Both countries where interested in zinc mines near the otherwise rather dull village of Kelmis. In June 1816 a compromise was reached. Neutral Moresnet would become a neutral area with joined administration. In 1830 Belgium gained independence from the Netherlands and took over the claims on the territory.

When the mine was exhausted in 1885 several ideas where put forward as what to do with Moresnet. Dr Wilhelm Molly proposed making Neutral Moresnet the world's first Esperanto-speaking state, named Amikejo (place of friendship). But this was not to be.

The Treaty of Versaille awarded the area to Belgium. Germany temporarily re-annexed it during WWII but had to return it in 1944.

 
Hans Mof
212819.  Sun Sep 23, 2007 5:32 pm Reply with quote

I hate one post threads (especially when I started them).



http://strangemaps.wordpress.com/2006/11/25/41-amikejo-the-worlds-first-and-only-esp

 
petipetra
212821.  Sun Sep 23, 2007 5:40 pm Reply with quote

I have learned today! I'd never heard of this neutral zone at all. It's no longer neutral, though, I would think. And I don't remember the border over there being that straight. What happened to it?

 
Hans Mof
212924.  Mon Sep 24, 2007 6:01 am Reply with quote

In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles, following WWI, officialised the annexation of the territory to Belgium, thus ending its neutral state.

 
petipetra
213011.  Mon Sep 24, 2007 10:19 am Reply with quote

Hans Mof wrote:
In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles, following WWI, officialised the annexation of the territory to Belgium, thus ending its neutral state.

Oh, right. I should probably learn how to read.

 
Jenny
213113.  Mon Sep 24, 2007 1:49 pm Reply with quote

But how much longer is Belgium going to be Belgium anyway?

 
Zebra57
650865.  Tue Dec 29, 2009 5:09 pm Reply with quote

Another quite intersting fact about Neutral Moresnet is that the two settlements of Moresnet and New Moresnet were never part of the territory. Moresnet went to the Netherlands in 1815 and New Moresnet to Prussia. The territory was mainly Kelmis and the zinc mine.

After the mine was exhausted proposals included developing Moresnet gambling centre with a grand casino to remain administered jointly on the Andorra model. Other ideas included issuing stamps.

Moresnet the got swollowed up in requirement to punish Germany after WW1.

 
14-11-2014
1110221.  Thu Jan 08, 2015 10:19 pm Reply with quote

Zebra57 wrote:
Other ideas included issuing stamps.


http://www.moresnet.nl/english/index_en.htm



 
14-11-2014
1110225.  Fri Jan 09, 2015 12:17 am Reply with quote

Molly, Moresnet, Monopoly & Museum:

Technically Moresnet wasn't a country, by the way.

Hans Mof wrote:
Dr Wilhelm Molly proposed making Neutral Moresnet the world's first Esperanto-speaking state, named Amikejo (place of friendship).


The HQ of Amikejo was located in another country. Probably (near) the Docteur Molly Straße, Neu-Meuresnet, about 100m from the border. The local museum also isn't located in the former Neutral Moresnet.

Esperanto perhaps wasn't Molly's real goal:

moresnet.nl wrote:
Dr. Molly was the founder of the “Kelmiser Verkehrsanstalt” (traffic organisation). The organisation itself was not so special, but the stamps issued by the organisation were. By these stamps dr. Molly and his friends wanted to show their aspiration for independence.

When the mayor informed the commissioners of the activities, they immediately issued a prohibitive rule. They based this rule on the fact that in Neutral Moresnet French law was applicable. And under this law the postal service was a state monopoly.

 

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