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Molly Cule
165797.  Fri Apr 13, 2007 11:24 am Reply with quote

Sir Francis Galton, Darwin’s cousin, inventor of eugenics and IQ tests won the RGS’s Gold Medal for his travels in Africa. His Art of Travel became a Victorian travel manual and was a best-seller for men going overseas for sport and adventure. He recommends dealing with ‘savages’ in a ‘frank, joking, but determined manner, joined with an air of showing more confidence in the good faith of the natives than you really feel’.
In his list of equipment he says to make allowances for
For each white man – tea and coffee, tobacco, rum or brandy, white sugar, dried arrowroot, dried onions, ammunition
For each black man – tobacco, salt, pepper and presents which will have to made to him from time to time.
He suggests soaping up the inside of stockings before you put them on to avoid blisters, an/or breaking a raw egg into a boot before you put it on to soften the leather. He says you should turn your stockings inside out when your feet get tired or put the right one onto your left foot and vice versa. If you do get a blister put tallow from a candle on it at night.
The Oxford book of exploration

Molly Cule
169249.  Tue Apr 24, 2007 5:42 am Reply with quote

Early Eskimos carved ivory coastal maps.

Pre-Columbian Aztecs used to draw maps with roads as footprints.

See this one:

Molly Cule
169250.  Tue Apr 24, 2007 5:43 am Reply with quote

What is at the centre of the oldest surviving medieval map in England?


The Hereford Map -

Molly Cule
170079.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 6:03 am Reply with quote

Almost no mariners compasses from the 1500's survive as they were made out of wood and paper.

Molly Cule
170080.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 6:05 am Reply with quote

In the 1560's and 70's beautifully decorated maps hung on the walls of Elizabeth's court. One in the British Museum by Pierre Descaliers from 1550 shows polar bears in the Arctic and cannibals and camels in America.

Molly Cule
170082.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 6:06 am Reply with quote

The Tinuican of Florida grew their nails as natural weapons, they were heavily tattooed and wore inflated fish bladders in their ears. They had a practice of ceremonial cannibalism apparently. To welcome strangers both strangers would hide their faces from one another before formally greeting each other for the first time.

Molly Cule
170085.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 6:09 am Reply with quote

In a publication about the voygae to Virginia engravings of Picts from north Scotland were included so as to show that the inhabitants of GB 'have been in times past as savage as those of Virginia', by comparison potential settlers in the New World had nothing to worry about from the people of Virginia.

Molly Cule
170087.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 6:10 am Reply with quote

Picts were often shows carrying spears with apples on the end after a Roman author described them with 'short spears with a bronze apple ont he end of its shaft so that when it is shaken it clashes.'

Molly Cule
170088.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 6:11 am Reply with quote

John White who painted the first images of the New World mixed his paints in mussel shells and used bigger shells as a palette.

Molly Cule
170089.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 6:14 am Reply with quote

The Pomeioc women used to use their long necklaces like a sling, carrying their arms in the beads. They also carried their babies piggy back holding onto just one of their babies legs.

170118.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 8:02 am Reply with quote

Molly Cule wrote:
The Tinuican of Florida grew their nails as natural weapons, they were heavily tattooed and wore inflated fish bladders in their ears.

Fully realising you may well not know the answer, I've gotta ask "why?"


170122.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 8:23 am Reply with quote

Limp ones look girly.

170124.  Fri Apr 27, 2007 8:39 am Reply with quote

It seems that the fish-bladders were purely ornimental, though sometimes these descriptions were skewed in favour of making the natives seem more savage.

A Timucuan wife is portrayed as equally uncivilized with simple blue rags barely covering her modesty and inflated fish bladders in her ears, but such accounts were widely criticized for their inaccuracy in later years.



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