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Frederick The Monk
62634.  Thu Mar 30, 2006 3:46 am Reply with quote

Question: What did Nazis do with 'trumpets of Jericho'?

Forfeits: Tried to blow walls down

Answer: Frightened people - they were an early form of psychological warfare. Trumpets of Jericho was the name given to the wailing sirens attached to the Ju 87 'Stuka' Dive-bomber.

Notes: The Ju87 was one of the most feared aircraft during the Second World War. Its fixed undercarriage and cranked wing gave the Ju87 an evil appearance and the scream of its 'Trumpets of Jericho' sirens as it dived helped to spread terror amongst both soldiers and civilians.

Widely known as the 'Stuka,' from the German word for dive-bomber (Sturzkampfflugzueg), the Ju87 first saw action in the Spanish Civil War (1936 to 1939). The campaigns in Poland and France added to its legendary reputation. With little aerial opposition it was able to attack targets with great accuracy.

After the fall of France it was at used to attack shipping in the Channel. The Ju87 went on to sink more ships than any other aircraft in history. 'Stuka' units then turned their attention to coastal airfields and radar stations, but by August 1940 heavy losses from defending fighters resulted in their withdrawal from operations. This poorly armed, slow and highly vulnerable aircraft found it impossible to operate without air superiority over the battlefield.

Later in the war a specialist anti-armour version was produced which brought havoc to the tank armies on the Russian Front.

Battle of Jericho
Joshua's attack on Jericho is recorded in the Book of Joshua (5:13 - 6:27)
After crossing the Jordan, Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan where they laid siege to the city of Jericho. The Lord spoke to Joshua telling him to march around the city once every day for six days with the seven priests carrying trumpets in front of the ark. On the seventh day they were to march around the city seven times and the priests were to blow their trumpets. This Joshua did and commanded his people not to give a warcry until he told them to do so. On the seventh day after marching around the city the seventh time the priests sounded their trumpets and Joshua ordered the people to shout. The walls of the city collapsed and the Israelites were able to charge straight into the city. The city was completely destroyed except for Rahab because she had hid the two spies sent by Joshua. She and all her family were spared. After this Joshua burned the remains of the city and cursed any man who would rebuild the city of Jericho at the cost of his firstborn son.

Links to:

Sources:
http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/junkers-ju87g-2.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuka

Pictures/Props:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/0a/Junkers_Ju87.jpg
http://www.holnet.org.uk/learningzone/londonatwar/airraid/images/stuka.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/5/55/Icelandic_Jericho.jpg

Researcher: JP

 
Flash
62682.  Thu Mar 30, 2006 5:37 am Reply with quote

Can't remember where I saw this, but isn't it the current view of archaeologists that the walls of Jericho had already fallen down at the time referred to, so it's possible that Joshua's PR people embroidered the story a bit?

 
Frederick The Monk
62686.  Thu Mar 30, 2006 5:53 am Reply with quote

Tricky one......

Jericho was one of the first sites to be excavated in the Holy Land, second only to Jerusalem. The first scientific excavations however, didn't come until 1907. Under two German archaeologists, Carl Watzinger and Ernest Sellin, a series of excavations were conducted from 1907-1909 and again in 1911. They concluded that Jericho had been unoccupied at the time the conquest would have occurred.

From 1930-1936 the site was excavated again, this time by British archaeologist John Garstang. Garstang's work revealed the remains of a network of collapsed walls (which he dated to about 1400 BC, the time he believed the Israelites were on their conquest) that had apparently fallen in a dramatic fashion as opposed to being ruined by abandonment or decay from natural forces.

Kathleen Kenyan excavatd the site from 1952-1958. Her techniques were far superior to Garstang's and involved rigorous examination of the soil and very careful recording of its stratification. Kenyan maintained that the walls of Jericho had been repaired and rebuilt at least seventeen times. The damage may have been caused by earthquakes. The most recent of these walls (already dated to around 1400 BC by Garstang) was dated by Kenyan at 2300BC. Kenyan found no evidence of defensive structures that could confirm Garstang's previous claims that Jericho had been destroyed by the Israelites in the 15th century BC. In fact, she concluded that Jericho had lay in ruins for centuries before the Israelites even arrived. In short, there was nothing for Joshua to destroy.

Years later, another archaeologist named Bryant Wood would come up with another conclusion. In 1990 he published a reevaluation of Kenyan's work, challenging her assertion that the city was destroyed before the 15th century BC. He claims that an abundance of pottery located at the site coincides with other local pottery common to the time of 1400BC and points out that Garstang's account does seem to describe it. Also, carbon-14 testing of a sample of charcoal from the site indicated a date of 1410 BC. The radiocarbon date seems to validate Garstang's earlier claim that the city was destroyed around 1400 BC. Whether of not Joshua actually destroyed it will probably remain a mystery. All we know for sure is that the new work contributed by Wood neither confirms nor denies the possibility.

 
Flash
62691.  Thu Mar 30, 2006 6:03 am Reply with quote

Best not go there, then.

I'm guessing that this is a question which is open to considerable distortion depending on one's prejudice as to the historicity of the Bible.

 
Frederick The Monk
62693.  Thu Mar 30, 2006 6:04 am Reply with quote

Yup - I'd avoid the 'real Jericho' story and stick with the Nazi bit - hopefully it will get them on to Indiana Jones territory.

 

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