|Frederick The Monk
|61180. Tue Mar 21, 2006 7:55 am
|Question: What famous black stuff comes from Blackpool?
Forfeits: Coal/ tarmac/ Black Pudding
Answer: Guinness. The 'Black stuff' was, and still is, brewed at the St. James's gate Brewery in Dublin. Dublin is the anglicised version of Dubh Linn, the irish for Black Pool.
The name Dublin is an Anglicism of Dubh Linn (Irish, meaning "Black Pool"). Historically, in the old script used for the Irish language, 'bh' was written with a dot placed over the 'b' — thus appearing to be Dub Linn or Dublinn. The Norman-speaking English who arrived in Old Irish-speaking Ireland starting in 1169 omitted the "dot" (or séimhiú in Irish), and spelled the town's name as 'Dublin'.
Meanwhile, the city's name in Modern Irish — Baile Átha Cliath ("The Town of the Ford of the Reed Hurdles") — actually refers to the settlement, founded in 988 by High King Mael Sechnaill II, which adjoined the town of Dubh Linn proper, at the Black Pool.
Some have suggested that "Dublin" is of Scandinavian origin, cf. Icelandic: "djúp lind" ("deep pond"). However, the name "Dubh Linn" pre-dates the arrival of the Vikings in Ireland, and the Old Norse name for Dublin is simply the words "Dubh Linn" re-spelled as if they were Old Norse: Dyflin (correctly pronounced "DUEV-linn" - indeed, the letter 'y' is still pronounced like the vowel in "ewe" in Modern Norwegian, Swedish, etc., just as it was in Old Norse).
Stout used to be available on prescription. Despite the "meal in a glass" or "liquid bread" reputation the beverage has among some non-Guinness drinkers, Guinness only contains 198 calories (838 kilojoules) per imperial pint (1460 kJ/L), less than an equal-sized serving of skimmed milk or orange juice.
It is a common myth that Guinness is brewed using water from the River Liffey, which flows through Dublin close to St James's Gate. It actually comes from the Wicklow Mountains, specifically, Lady's Well.
A long time subject of bar conversations has been the observation that gas bubbles travel downwards in a pint glass of Guinness.
The effect is attributed to drag; bubbles which touch the walls of a glass are slowed in their upwards travel. Bubbles in the centre of the glass are, however, free to rise to the surface, and form a rising column of bubbles. The rising bubbles create a current by the entrainment of the surrounding fluid. As beer rises in the center, the beer near the outside of the glass falls. This downward flow pushes the bubbles near the glass towards the bottom. Although the effect occurs in any liquid, it is particularly noticeable in any dark nitrogen stout, as the drink combines dark-coloured liquid and light-coloured bubbles.
St. James's Gate Brewery, is the world famous brewery in Dublin, known as the home of Guinness. Leased in 1759 by Arthur Guinness for 9,000 years at 45 pounds per year, St. James's Gate has been the home of Guinness ever since. It became the largest brewery in Ireland in 1838, and the largest in the world by 1914. (Although no longer the largest brewery in the world, it is the largest Stout brewer in the world.)
Links to: Drink/ Drunkeness/Drunken Monkeys/ Dublin/ Dishes
Pictures/Props: Stick of rock/ Blackpool Tower/ footage of bubble entrainment in a pint of Guiness?