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King George Sound

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960239.  Thu Jan 03, 2013 1:21 am Reply with quote

I think a great start to a question:
The location of Michaelmas Island (named after Michaelmas Day), Seal Island, Mistaken Island and Green Island.

First sighting by an European was English explorer George Vancouver, who named it after the reigning monarch, King George III.

Mathew Flinders anchored in the Sound for a month where Robert Brown (botanist) and his gardener Peter Good collected over 500 species of plant.

Nicolas Baudin aboard Le Geographe met with Louis de Freycinet aboard the Casuarina at the Sound. Francois Peron, the naturalist on the Le Geographe collected 1060 new species of shellfish.
Of note also is that the suburb of Casuarina in Perth, Western Australia was both named for the ship Casuarina and the presence of a type of casuarina tree in the area. Casuarina in WA also is home to Casaurina Prison, which replaced Fremantle Prison and is the main maximum security prison in WA.
Notable Prisoners:
- Jack Roche: convicted of conspiring to bomb the Israeli embassy in Canberra. Roche maintains that had the necessary authorities taken the time to listen to his story, the events of September 11, 2001 and the Bali bombings in October 2002 could have been prevented
- David Birnie (deceased): Who along with his wife Catherine Birnie (Is only the 3rd Australian women to be declared "never to be released") murdered 4 women in their home in the 1980s.
- Robert Bropho (deceased): Serial child sex offender. Bropho told the court "I am the shadow of Martin Luther King and Gandhi."

On 25 December 1826, the British ship Amity, under the command of Major Edmund Lockyer, arrived at King George Sound to establish a military outpost.Lockyer named his settlement "Fredrickstown", but this name never gained wide acceptance.

In 1832, Governor of Western Australia Captain (later Admiral) Sir James Stirling declared the settlement a town and renamed it Albany

Until the construction of Fremantle Harbour in 1897, King George Sound contained the only deepwater port in Western Australia

In 1914, King George Sound was the last Australian anchorage for the fleet taking the first Australian and New Zealand soldiers to Europe. The contribution of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, president of Turkey from 1923 until 1938 is recognised by naming the entrance into Princess Royal Harbour as Atatürk Entrance.

Cheynes Beach Whaling Company began operating out of Frenchman Bay that is located within the Sound in 1952 with a small quota of 50 humpback whales that was eventually increased to 175. At the peak of the whaling activity in the Sound the company was taking between 900 to 1100 Sperm and Humpback whales in a year. Humpback whaling was banned in 1963 which in turn decreased the viability of the operation.In 1978 the Cheynes Beach Whaling Company closed down after increasing environmental lobby group pressure, it was the last whaling station in Australia

Guided missile destroyer HMAS Perth was scuttled in 2001 in 35 metres (115 ft) of water off Seal Island to be used as a dive-site


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