|Prior to the BSR, Bavaria had been declared a free state by Kurt Eisner, who looked to create a socialist republic, though not in the image of the Bolsheviks.
During this time a lot of political and business leaders fled Munich and this allowed more radical leaders to gain prominence, so when Eisner was assassinated on 19th February 1919, this created a vacuum.
Over the next few days Munich was fought over by a number of factions, but after seeing the Soviet revolution in Hungary in March, some groups combined (mostly communists and anarchists) and gained enough control to create the BSR.
This was doomed to be a failure because of the power vacuum in Munich, and because many civic and business leaders had escaped, everyone was jostling for power, and this is not a healthy environment for a new state.
Now, here's the irony:
There is photographic evidence that appears to show a certain Adolf Hitler taking part in the official funeral procession, and this could suggest he was a follower of this Jewish Socialist. Years later, when writing about that period, Hitler wrote of Eisner "Eisner's death only hastened developments and led finally to the Soviet dictatorship, or to put it more correctly, to a passing rule of Jews, as had been the original aim of the instigators of the whole revolution". Considering his hatred of Jews and Communists, this seemed to avoid attacking Eisner personally, considering he was a Jewish, socialist leader.
The man who assassinated Eisner was Anton Arco-Valley, an Austrian who adopted Germnay as his homeland, served in WWI and was wounded (sounds familiar so far?). He was extremely anti semitic despite his mother being Jewish, and may have been pushed over the edge because he was refused membership of the nationalist Thule Society because of his Jewish ancestry. He was originally sentenced to death, but this was reduced to a prison term. In 1924 he was moved from his cell to make way for another prisoner - Adolf Hitler.
No surprise he was later pardoned and even decorated by the Nazis as a "Hero of the movement", and his Jewish ancestry ignored.
His brother, Count Ferdinand, married a cousin of Raoul Wallenberg.
Last edited by CB27 on Fri Jun 24, 2011 3:55 pm; edited 1 time in total