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31701.  Wed Nov 16, 2005 1:58 pm Reply with quote

A county, a town and a man called Bull. Is that it?

31706.  Wed Nov 16, 2005 2:02 pm Reply with quote

Like many English towns, you can makes something of all the other Durhams around the world.

31839.  Wed Nov 16, 2005 5:41 pm Reply with quote

Good idea, Icarus.

Durham, North Carolina is located in Durham County. It is named after Dr Bartlett Durham who, in the 1840s offered four acres of land to the North Carolina railroad to build a station, originally called Durhamville, later shortened to Durham.

In 1858, Robert Morris began manufacturing smoking tobacco there, which would lead eventually to Durham being the leading tobacco industry stronghold in the South. In 1862, Morris sold his company to John R Green who began manufacturing Bull Durham SmokingTobacco.

His bull trademark is said to have originated from the Colman's mustard trademark (the head of a bull) introduced in 1855.

(The website below claims this was because Colman's had become popular in Durham, England – but Colman's was founded by Jeremiah Colman in Norfolk in 1814 and, as far as I know, has always been based there)

From this small beginning, Durham, NC would become known as the Bull City, a baseball team would be named the Durham Bulls and a movie called "Bull Durham"(1988) would be made.

The baseball term "bullpen" apparently comes from a Durham Bull tobacco ad painted behind the dugout of the New York Yankees.

(et al)

31842.  Wed Nov 16, 2005 5:47 pm Reply with quote

Durham, NC was untouched by battles during the Civil War.

In 1865, Union General William Sherman and Confederate General Joseph Johnston met at Bennett’s Place, seven miles from Durham Station, to discuss the surrender of the Confederate army to the Union forces.

North Carolina was thus spared massive destruction but Union soldiers ransacked Green’s tobacco factory.

They discovered “bright leaf” tobacco for the first time and, after the troops returned to their homes, orders from all over the United States poured in for some of that “Good Durham Tobacco”.

This was the foundation of Durham's hugely successful tobacco industry.

Today the population of Durham is more than 200,000 people. In 1865, the town was home to less than 100 people.

31845.  Wed Nov 16, 2005 5:54 pm Reply with quote

More detail.

John Ruffin Green adopted the bull as the symbol and the name for his tobacco to capitalize on the popularity of the logo for the English brand Colman's Mustard – which he mistakenly thought originated in Durham, England.

Green was bought out by W.T. Blackwell who kept the logo and advertised massively around the US (and the world) so that Durham rapidly became known as Bull City. It was Blackwell's advertisements behind the players' box at Yankee Stadium that gave rise to the term "bullpen."$durhamNcUsa.html

31849.  Wed Nov 16, 2005 6:01 pm Reply with quote

Duke University, one of three universities in North Carolina, is named in honour of Washington Duke, another tobacco magnate, who founded it under the name Trinity College.

It was renamed in 1924 after Washington Duke's son, James Buchanan Duke, made a major donation to the college.

Duke University Medical Center is one reason why modern Durham is known as "The City of Medicine" – the others being five major hospitals and over 300 medical and health related companies.$durhamNcUsa.html

31850.  Wed Nov 16, 2005 6:04 pm Reply with quote

Hopeless attempt to post a picture of Durham, Pennsylvania deleted.

Can anyone give me a lesson on how to post an image when it appears within a body of text on an external site?

For now, though, goodnight to anyone who's still reading, And thanks for a most entertaining day.


31918.  Wed Nov 16, 2005 11:14 pm Reply with quote

A QI organisation based in Durham, NC, is the Rhine Research Center, which carries out research in parapsychology.

J B Rhine, who coined the term 'extrasensory perception', established the Duke University Parapsychology Laboratory in 1935. He and his wife were regarded the leading authorities on ESP. Rhine was the first experimenter to perform psychic testing using Zener cards (five symbols of circle, square, star, plus sign and wavy lines), which were developed for him by his Duke colleague Dr. Karl Zener.

Jack - the way to copy an image in a body of text is to put your cursor on the image and right click the mouse. On the menu, choose 'Copy image location' and then just put it into your post the way you would any other image. That's what I did above to get the picture from the link I gave at the beginning of the post.

32431.  Fri Nov 18, 2005 2:33 pm Reply with quote

All well and good, Jenny, but Apple mice don't have right-click functions (at least mine doesn't...)

32507.  Fri Nov 18, 2005 6:16 pm Reply with quote

I knew there must be some problem with Apple Macs...


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