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Iran

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Jenny
720749.  Fri Jun 18, 2010 9:02 am Reply with quote

Lots of interesting things about Iran, surely?

Iran means 'Land of the Aryan'. Did Hitler know this? Not necessarily - he would have thought of Aryan as referring to a group of languages derived from proto-Indo-European, and crucially as 'not Semitic'.

Wikipedia's article on Aryans wrote:
As an adaptation of the Latin Arianus, referring to Iran, 'Aryan' has "long been in English language use".[7] Its history as a loan word began in the late 1700s, when the word was borrowed from Sanskrit ā́rya- to refer to speakers of North Indian languages.[7]. When it was determined that Iranian languages both living and ancient used a similar term in much the same way (but in the Iranian context as a self-identifier of Iranian peoples), it became apparent that the shared meaning had to derive from the ancestor language of the shared past, and so, by the early 1800s, the word 'Aryan' came to refer to the group of languages deriving from that ancestor language, and by extension, the speakers of those languages.[1]

Then, in the 1830s, partly based on the now regarded as erroneous theory that words like "Aryan" could also be found in European languages (such as the idea that "Eire" derived from "Aryan"), the term "Aryan" came to be used as the term for the Indo-European language group, and by extension, the original speakers of those languages. In the 19th century, "language" was considered a property of "ethnicity", and thus the speakers of the Indo-European languages came to be called the "Aryan race", as contradistinguished from what came to be called the "Semitic race". By the late 19th century, among some people, the notions of an "Aryan race" became closely linked to Nordicism, which posited Northern European racial superiority over all other peoples (including Indians and Iranians). This "master race" ideal engendered both the "Aryanization" programs of Nazi Germany, in which the classification of people as "Aryan" and "non-Aryan" was most emphatically directed towards the exclusion of Jews.[8][n 2] By the end of World War II, the word 'Aryan' had become associated by many with the racial theories and atrocities committed by the Nazi regime.

 
Jenny
720750.  Fri Jun 18, 2010 9:03 am Reply with quote

Iran is the only country to have purchased F-14 Tomcats from the US.

 
Spud McLaren
720803.  Fri Jun 18, 2010 2:41 pm Reply with quote

Why Iran was called Persia in the West, but not at home.

 

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