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Ian Dunn
392785.  Wed Aug 13, 2008 9:25 am Reply with quote

Gas is one of the six states of matter. The others being solid, liquid, plasma, Bose-Einstein condensate and fermionic condensate.

Poison gas was first used by the French during the first month of The Great War (getting the "G" in there), who used tear-gas grenades, although the existence of poison gas was known long before the war. However, people first hesitated to use the weapon because people thought that it was an "uncivilized weapon".

The deadliest gas used during The Great War was Yperite, better known as "Mustard Gas". It is almost odourless and took twelve hours to take effect. It was so affective that only a tiny amount was needed to be put into high explosive shells in order to be affective. Once mustard gas is in the soil, it can last for several weeks.

The Germans used the most poison gas during The Great War, using 68,000 tons. This is more than the French (36,000) and the British (25,000) combined. The Russians suffered from the most deaths, with 56,000 Russian troops killed, out of 91,198. That's 61.4% of all deaths by gas during the war.

The use of poison gas in warfare was banned by the Third Geneva Convention in 1925. The Allies and Germany did not use poison gas in warfare during the Second World War, although Japan did use it against China in 1941, and Italy used it against Ethiopia between 1935-36.

Main source
Wikipedia article about the use of poison gas during WWI

gerontius grumpus
393211.  Thu Aug 14, 2008 1:13 pm Reply with quote

Is it true that mustard gas isn't really a gas?

393231.  Thu Aug 14, 2008 2:13 pm Reply with quote

Wiki wrote:
The sulfur mustards, of which mustard gas (bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide) is a member, are a class of related cytotoxic, vesicant chemical warfare agents with the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin. In their pure form most sulfur mustards are colorless, odorless, viscous liquids at room temperature.

Good lord!:

Most of the mustard gas found in Germany after World War II was dumped into the Baltic Sea.

In 1972, the United States Congress banned the practice of disposing chemical weapons into the ocean. However, 64 million pounds of nerve and mustard agents had already been dumped into the ocean waters off the United States by the U.S. Army.

475052.  Sat Jan 10, 2009 10:02 am Reply with quote

The word gas was coined by JB van Helmont, a 17th century chemist, based on the Greek chaos.

Sadurian Mike
475407.  Sat Jan 10, 2009 4:00 pm Reply with quote

gerontius grumpus wrote:
Is it true that mustard gas isn't really a gas?

True. It's a finely vapourised liquid.

Ion Zone
475431.  Sat Jan 10, 2009 4:29 pm Reply with quote

It's very easy to extract chlorine just by mixing basic household cleaners and chemicals.

475920.  Sun Jan 11, 2009 7:49 am Reply with quote

Fritz Haber the chemist who led the German poison gas research in world war 1 (and actually supervised it's use on the battlefield) was given the Nobel prize for Chemistry in 1918. (Not for being the 'Father of Chemical Warfare') He was also involved in the invention of Zyklon B the gas used in the holocaust - since he was of Jewish descent he fled Germany when the Nazis came to power.

Sadurian Mike
476340.  Sun Jan 11, 2009 4:14 pm Reply with quote

Which is a story so full of irony as to be magnetic.

gerontius grumpus
476845.  Mon Jan 12, 2009 4:12 am Reply with quote

Is it true that jumping Jack flash isn't really a gas?

477374.  Mon Jan 12, 2009 3:01 pm Reply with quote


Sadurian Mike
477402.  Mon Jan 12, 2009 3:51 pm Reply with quote

I think I may have just cottoned on to why "Flash" is called "Flash"....

477728.  Mon Jan 12, 2009 9:41 pm Reply with quote

If you're thinking what I think you may be thinking, you're thinking incorrectly. But of course you may not be thinking what I thought you were thinking.

477731.  Mon Jan 12, 2009 9:47 pm Reply with quote

If you're thinking what I'm thinking, then you should stop it before you go mad.

Sadurian Mike
477737.  Mon Jan 12, 2009 9:58 pm Reply with quote

I thought I was.

Oh well. Another great theory crashes on the reef of reality.

(Please tell me it isn't for reasons of inadequate dressing, though).

Ion Zone
477993.  Tue Jan 13, 2009 7:00 am Reply with quote

I think my great grandad died of mustard gas in the first world war.


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